Category Archives: XNews

Book Writing – 25 Tips on Getting Started Writing a Book

Here are 25 tips on getting started writing a book:

1. Before you start know who you are writing for. Spend some time building up a character sheet on your target reader.

2. Before you start, identify what your target reader’s pain points are. Seeking to avoid those is the greatest motivation your target reader will have to read your book.

3. Before you start, identify what your target reader’s pleasure points are. The desire to reach these will help provide motivation to your reader.

4. Before you start, identify what your target reader’s problems are. Solving those will help to keep your reader reading your book.

5. Before you start, write down how your book will help avoid the reader’s pain points, solve their problems, or help them achieve their pleasure points.

6. Before you start, identify why you are writing. By identifying your pain points or pleasure points, you’ll help to motivate yourself to finish.

7. Make a sign of why you are writing. Use large letters, oversized pictures and whatever else you need. Post it over your computer. Or better still make several! Post them around your home where you can’t help but see them when you are doing something else.

8. Know in advance how you will publish book. This will affect the format and length of your book.

9. Know how many pages you want the book to be.

10. Know the style you will use. Do you want to use a conversational style? Or a formal or academic style? The type of book you are writing will help to limit your choices.

11. Have a system for designing and writing your book. This is probably the most important tip. Having a system will help to ensure you have a good book and that you finish it.

12. Use a cognitive tool to develop your outline. It’s much easier to build up your outline when you use a tool that works with your mind, not against it.

13. However you create your outline, make it detailed down to the paragraph. You can easily write a hundred words on a point you’ve already been given. But writing 2500 words on a topic (i.e. chapter) is very difficult.

14. Do your structural editing on the outline. Some of the older systems hold off editing until the whole book has been written. The problem is that you may end up having to make wholesale changes (i.e. rewrites) if you have a structural problem. By editing while the book is in outline form, you can identify and fix structural problems while they are easily fixed.

15. Have a separate space to write in. By having a specific space, you’ll train yourself to write when you’re in that space.

16. Have a specific time scheduled for writing. Not only does it help stop you avoiding writing, it helps set up the writing habit.

17. Use music to create a mood. Whether that mood is reflected directly in your writing doesn’t matter. Baroque music, for example, is known to help thinking. If you’re writing romance, Frank Sinatra or French blues may help you get in the romantic mood.

18. Have a comfortable chair. Pain is not conducive to writing!

19. Have everything you need to write always at hand. That way you don’t have an excuse to waste writing time.

20. Turn off the phone. Interruptions are a great excuse to waste writing time. Avoid them.

21. Have a user id on your computer that doesn’t allow access to games or email. The second most common excuse to avoid writing is reading emails.

22. Set rules for interruptions. You can’t expect your family to give you writing time if they don’t know when it’s appropriate to interrupt you and when it isn’t.

23. Start by editing your writing from the previous day. This will get you in the mood to write. And when combined with a detailed outline, will help you to avoid writer’s block.

24. Write first, write fast, edit later. If you are always going back and correcting what you do, it will take much longer to write your book. And it will be an unpleasant task. By following this advice you’ll find you finish quicker, your writing is better, and you’ll enjoy writing more. So you won’t be as tempted to avoid doing it.

25. When push comes to shove, there is only one tip that truly matters. Sit down and write! If you never start you’ll never finish.

Enthusiasts Spur Popularity of Model Steam Trains

Although real steam trains have become a thing of the past, collecting model steam trains is a very popular hobby maintained by thousands of people around the world. Model railroading is a very extensive hobby to maintain and it can involve a considerable amount of investment and hard work. This is because not only does the hobbyist have to spend money to acquire a model train of his choice but he also has to put in the time and effort to set up the railroading tracks. However expensive and extensive it may be model railroading is considered to be a very wholesome and rewarding hobby to maintain.

The kind of model steam trains that you will be able to find in the market display dramatic variance. The simplest of them will be a plastic remake of the original whereas you will be able to find incredibly detailed steam trains in various sizes that can be further accessorized to create realistic city landscapes. You also need to be aware of the fact that one needs to have a considerable amount of skill when it comes to creating an entire landscape for your model trains.

Today you will be able to find model trains made out of a wide variety of building materials. The most commonly used materials include plastic, brass and cut wood. The hobbyist will also have the opportunity to choose between different model train scales when it comes to model steam trains.

Variants of the Steam Train Model

The most common scale that is easily available in the market is the HO model train. People generally prefer to go with this standard because finding relative inexpensive accessories is considerably easier. This enables them to add on freight cars, passenger cars or any other accessory as and when they feel like it.

The N standard model stream trains are also popular amongst model train collecting enthusiasts. However these trains tend to be considerably smaller when compared to the above-mentioned standard. This makes them difficult to manage and maintain because setting up N standard railroading requires a high level of skill. Another reason why most people tend to avoid standards other than HO when it comes to model railroading is the fact that finding accessories is all the more difficult in these scales.

In general most toy train models are downsized versions of famous Eastern and Midwestern American railroads. One of the things that set these historic model steam trains apart is the fact that they come equipped with all the necessary decals.

You can search the inventory of any company that offers these products to look for specific steam engine trains that you are interested in. The particular scale that is best for you depends solely on your personal preferences. In general however beginners are advised to stick to the HO scale model trains. The more experienced model train collectors can experiment with other scales such as N, Z and O.

The image of a model steam train with the smoke stack and the classic lines would make any collector proud. Trains can be easily purchased and accessories are readily available. Although they are some of the most expensive trains to collect they are well worth the cost and the tradability is exceptional.

What To Expect in an Online Freight Broker Training?

Manufacturers of goods for commercial and consumer use should find a way to efficiently and quickly deliver their goods to the market. To help these manufacturers to find carriers that will transfer their products at the best price they will ask a freight assistant. Therefore, freight carriers assist trucking companies to fill their trucks and earn a good amount, as they help shippers lower their transportation expenses and improve their time of delivery to customers. In order to become experts in the freight broker industry or obtain a certificate, freight assistant enroll in freight assistant training programs.

Prices and Objectives of Freight Broker Training:

There are lots of freight assistant training online available. These training programs usually differ in objectives and pricing but they all provide students with instruction depending on their needs and schedule. There are some training programs that offer the package at $450 others may differ depending on their partner institutions and schools that provide their classes. Other universities may charge the students at $1,725 per courses but it will be conducted in regular schools. Some training courses are intended for neophytes and offer an introduction to the freight broker industry, some are self-paced and others are comprehensive overview of the industry.

Focus and Skills:

The majority of freight negotiator learns the fundamentals of the freight negotiator industry through online courses. This includes their responsibilities and the role of shippers in online training courses. Some of the topics covered in freight online training are the things you need to become a freight agent and freight negotiator, the history of freight assistanting, the government laws and regulations governing the industry and the trends in the freight negotiator industry. With these training courses you will also learn other specialties like sales and marketing, intermingle with other freight assistant jobs. For example, online freight broker training may include promotional activities, customer relations and market competition. Some concentrate on payment and billing methods, process for transferring loads and procedures in obtaining a certificate as a freight assistant.

The freight broker online training educates students on how to negotiate, how to communicate and the needed skills in computer technology. For example, one online training program teaches students on the latest broker technology, and strategies for dealing with contractual terms with transportation and shipping carriers. Aspiring negotiators are likewise thought about entrepreneurial skills for those who prefer to have their own business. Some future negotiators enrolled in these training programs learn how to develop a client network, file and keep surety bonds for operation and manage finances.

The Future of Freight Broker Industry:

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) forecasts that jobs for freight agents and cargo will increase by 24% from 2008 to 2018. Those who are capable of economic expansion may demand more workers. Students who were able to complete online training programs which showcase the newest technologies and trends must have the perfect job potentials. For example, the BLS foresees that the trained workers will likewise be in demand to replace retiring workers or transition in other industries.